Scientific Literature

Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with β-Thalassemia: Data from the Phase 3 BELIEVE Trial of Luspatercept

Cappellini, M.D., Taher, A.T., Piga, A., Shah, F., Voskaridou, E., Viprakasit, V., Porter, J.B. et al. European Journal of Haematology. (2023)

Background: Patients with transfusion-dependent (TD) β-thalassemia require long-term red blood cell transfusions (RBCTs) that lead to iron overload, impacting health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

Methods: The impact of luspatercept, a first-in-class erythroid maturation agent, versus placebo on HRQoL of patients with TD β-thalassemia was evaluated in the phase 3 BELIEVE trial. HRQoL was assessed at baseline and every 12 weeks using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Transfusion-dependent Quality of Life questionnaire (TranQol). Mean change in HRQoL was evaluated from baseline to week 48 for patients receiving luspatercept + best supportive care (BSC) and placebo + BSC and between luspatercept responders and non-responders.

Results: Through week 48, for both groups, mean scores on SF-36 and TranQol domains were stable over time and did not have a clinically meaningful change. At week 48, more patients who achieved clinical response (≥50% reduction in RBCT burden over 24 weeks) in the luspatercept + BSC group had improvement in SF-36 Physical Function compared with placebo + BSC (27.1% vs. 11.5%; p = .019).

Conclusions: Luspatercept + BSC reduced transfusion burden while maintaining patients’ HRQoL. HRQoL domain improvements from baseline through 48 weeks were also enhanced for luspatercept responders.

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