The Thalassaemia International Federation (TIF) is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation founded in 1986 by a small group of patients and parents in Cyprus, Greece, the UK, the USA and Italy.
Thalassaemia is a genetic disorder of the blood and specifically, the haemoglobin protein, which is contained in the red blood cells and is responsible for carrying oxygen to all the tissues and organs of the body. Thalassaemia belongs to the wider family of haemoglobin disorders. Approximately 7% of the world population is a carrier of a severe haemoglobin disorder, including thalassaemia, and between 300-500 thousand children are born each year with a severe haemoglobin disorder. There are transfusion-dependent and non-transfusion dependent forms of thalassaemia.